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Kathmandu Valley Water and Sanitation

Page history last edited by editor 8 years, 3 months ago

Table of Contents


 

 

Water Supply In the Kathmandu Valley
Ideal State Current State # Problem Identification  Diagnosis (root causes, history) Policy Options Strategic Solution Prescription Potential side-effects 
Meet quantity demands   S<<D             
Meet quality standards  n/a             
Efficient institutional management              
Efficient operation system              
Profitability over time              
Proper benefits to local stakeholders              

 

Reference


Web Resources

 

Data

 

Organizations 

 

Country Water Statistics for Nepal

http://www.adb.org/Water/Indicators/cwsi-country-profile.asp?ctry=NEP

 

Indicators   Data Year Source
Water Resources
Total annual water resources (AWR)    210 cu.km  2007     1
Water from international rivers as share of annual water resources    6 %  2007     1
Total resources per capita    7,988 cu.m  2007     1
Dam capacity as percentage of AWR    na %      
Water Use
Total annual water withdrawals as share of AWR Total  4.8 %  2000     1
  Domestic  30 %  2000     1
  Industry  6 %  2000     1
  Agriculture  97 %  2000     1
Water withdrawals per capita   414 cu.m  2000     1
Area equipped for irrigation as percentage of irrigation potential    52 %  1994     1
Area actually irrigated as percentage of irrigation potential    54 %  2005  1.8   *
Irrigated land as percentage of cropland    47 %  2005     5
Groundwater withdrawals per capita    na cu.m      
Wastewater Management
Wastewater: produced volume    na cu.km      
Wastewater: treated volume    na cu.km      
Hydropower
Hydropower Potential    42,130 MW  2002     7
Hydropower Development    527 MW  2002     7
Electricity production from hydroelectric sources as percentage of total electricity production    99.8 %  2005     5
Watershed Management
Annual rate of change in forest cover 2000-2005  (1.4) %  2005     2
Water and Poverty
Population with access to water supply [%] Urban  96 %  2004     4
  Rural  89 %  2004     4
Population with access to sanitation [%] Urban  62 %  2004     4
  Rural  30 %  2004     4
Deaths among children under 5 years of age due to diarrhoeal diseases    20.5 %  2000     6
Number of deaths due to floods and droughts 2000-2007  833 persons  2007     3
Damages due to floods and droughts 2000-2007  9 US$ million  2007     3


Sources:

  1. FAO Aquastat (http://www.fao.org/nr/water/aquastat/dbase/index.stm)
  2. FAO Forestry (http://www.fao.org/forestry/site/43035/en/)
  3. EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database – www.emdat.be – Université Catholique de Louvain – Brussels – Belgium
  4. WHO-UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply & Sanitation (http://www.wssinfo.org/en/watquery.html)
  5. World Bank (http://devdata.worldbank.org/query/default.htm)
  6. WHO. Core Health Indicators. (http://www.who.int/whosis/database/core/core_select_process.cfm)
  7. USAID (http://www.sari-energy.org/successdocs/IStudy_SouthAsianHydroResources.pdf)
  8. FAO FAOSTAT (http://faostat.fao.org/site/377/DesktopDefault.aspx?PageID=377)

 

Videos

 

Drinking Water Problem in Kathmandu Valley (Water Distribution Companies)

Kathmandu Valley Water Ltd Organization Structure

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